Marketing Mix (4Ps) Analysis of Whitebark Energy Ltd

Posted by Addison on Jul-19-2022

About 4Ps Model

The 4p model of marketing comprises elements of the product, price, promotion, and place (Chernev, 2018; Kucuk, 2017). The model is commonly referred to as the marketing mix. The marketing mix of the Whitebark Energy Ltd allows and facilitates it in achieving its marketing objectives as well as in positively influencing the target audience (Baines, Fill, & Rosengren, 2017). The elements identified in the marketing mix are typically used by the Whitebark Energy Ltd for marketing its product and service, and for brand development and building activities. These elements are critically fundamental for the development and creation of marketing plans and marketing strategies by the Whitebark Energy Ltd – especially for developing and sustaining competitive advantage (Chernev, 2018; Stead & Hastings, 2018; Grewal & Levy, 2021). Whitebark Energy Ltd ensures that the elements identified for the marketing mix model work together cohesively, and complement each other in all its marketing strategies and plans (Abratt & Bendixen, 2018; Deepak & Jeyakumar, 2019).


The product refers to the actual good or service that is being marketed to the consumers by Whitebark Energy Ltd, and which will be consumed by the target audience of the Whitebark Energy Ltd (Groucutt & Hopkins, 2015). The product or the service being offered by Whitebark Energy Ltd largely aims to fulfill a market need and demand, as well as works to create demand by providing a unique and fulfilling customer experience (Stead & Hastings, 2018; Sahaf, 2019).



Product quality for Whitebark Energy Ltd largely refers to how well the company is able to satisfy the customers’ needs and demands through its product and service offerings (Baines, Fill, & Rosengren, 2017; Deepak & Jeyakumar, 2019). In addition to this, the product quality for Whitebark Energy Ltd further includes the adherence of the company and its product and service offerings to industry standards and benchmarks as well as the ability of the same to serve its meaning and purpose comprehensively (Iacobucci, 2021; Groucutt & Hopkins, 2015; Chernev, 2018).

Customer demand fulfillment

The ability of the product and service to fulfill customer demands as well as its purpose, and to work efficiently and effectively are important facets of product quality for Whitebark Energy Ltd (Iacobucci, 2021; Deepak & Jeyakumar, 2019). Whitebark Energy Ltd ensures that its products are available for customers at affordable prices by controlling internal costs (Wu & Li, 2018).


The warranty extended by Whitebark Energy Ltd includes the guarantee that the company to its customers regarding the functioning and the quality of the purchased food and service (Abratt & Bendixen, 2018). In addition, Whitebark Energy Ltd’s warranty also includes any compensation that the company has promised to give the customers in case the product and service fall short of the marketed benefits and functionalities (Išoraitė, 2016; Grewal & Levy, 2021; Kucuk, 2017).


Whitebark Energy Ltd focuses thoroughly on the packaging and makes sure it includes the process of designing, evaluating, and developing a container for the products and services being manufactured and marketed (Deepak & Jeyakumar, 2019; Baines, Fill, & Rosengren, 2017). The packaging of the product and the service allows Whitebark Energy Ltd to highlight the product's purpose, as well as provides ease in transportation, gives room for more prolonged shelf life, and creates a unique and delightful customer experience (Kareh, 2018; Park, 2020).


The Whitebark Energy Ltd invests in developing brands out of its products and service offerings. This means that the Whitebark Energy Ltd engages in brand-building activities for its offerings i.e. associating specific designs and communications with its products to ensure differentiation, and easier communication with the target audience (Gillespie & Swan, 2021).

Building the brand

The branding-building activities undertaken by the Whitebark Energy Ltd ensure that its target audience is better able to relate to the offerings (Abratt & Bendixen, 2018). Through this, the Whitebark Energy Ltd ensures higher loyalty and repeat purchases, as well as positive perception creation for its offerings (Khan, 2014; Kareh, 2018).


Product features or characteristics refer to the product traits and attributes present in the offerings of Whitebark Energy Ltd that allow the company to successfully deliver unique value to customers through the products and services manufactured and offered (Varadarajan, 2015; Kotler & Keller, 2021). The product traits and features also allow Whitebark Energy Ltd to create points of differentiation from the competition for its offering (Kotler & Keller, 2021; Park, 2020).


Product style

Whitebark Energy Ltd makes sure to focus on the design and the look of the product, and the ability of the same to meet the expectations and lifestyle of the target audience (Groucutt & Hopkins, 2015). The Whitebark Energy Ltd ensures that the product style and design complement its features and purpose.


Whitebark Energy Ltd makes sure that the product manufactured fulfills its purpose, and meets customer expectations (Abratt & Bendixen, 2018). Whitebark Energy Ltd focuses on the product design, and how well it is able to fulfill the demands of the customers, as well as fill in the market gap (Baines, Fill, & Rosengren, 2017)


Whitebark Energy Ltd products provide the customers with an exceptional and unique experience upon consumption (Kotler & Keller, 2021). This experience includes interaction with the products that leads to different unique and positive customer feelings and helps the Whitebark Energy Ltd maintain differentiation from the competition (Varadarajan, 2015; Kotabe & Helsen, 2020).


Whitebark Energy Ltd ensures that its product and service offerings are available for its target consumers at various retail setups. The easy availability ensures that consumers are able to purchase the offerings of Whitebark Energy Ltd from various locations, allowing the Whitebark Energy Ltd to create an advantage over competing players (Kotler & Keller, 2021; Chernev, 2018).


One point of focus for Whitebark Energy Ltd in its product offering is convenience. The Whitebark Energy Ltd ensures that its products and service are easy and convenient to use. The factor of convenience allows Whitebark Energy Ltd to enjoy a higher consumption rate, as well as increased sales and trials (Kotabe & Helsen, 2020; Kucuk, 2017).

After-sales service

Whitebark Energy Ltd caters to after-sales queries and demands of customers, which also includes processes of returns as well as exchanges. The after-sales service of company Whitebark Energy Ltd is detrimental and critical in determining customer satisfaction with its offerings (Iacobucci, 2021; Chernev, 2018).


Whitebark Energy Ltd has different SKUs in the product available. Whitebark Energy Ltd has its products available in various SKU sizes which helps the company boost its sales, as different customer groups have different demands for the product quantity – depending on their usage, income as well as lifestyle (Grewal & Levy, 2021; Deepak & Jeyakumar, 2019).


The element of price in the marketing mix refers to the value that customers pay for the service or the product offered by Whitebark Energy Ltd. The pricing strategy and the price of the offerings are critical because it determines three success for Whitebark Energy Ltd by directly influencing the profit levels and revenue for the company (Kotabe & Helsen, 2020; Kotler & Keller, 2021; Deepak & Jeyakumar, 2019).


One of the ways through which the Whitebark Energy Ltd influences its pricing strategies is through offering discounts on its product and service offerings. Discounted pricing for the Whitebark Energy Ltd means that Whitebark Energy Ltd decreases the price of the product and service in order to generate interest, or even unload excessive inventory and stock; as well as for boosting sales (Baines, Fill, & Rosengren, 2017).


Whitebark Energy Ltd makes room for margins through the additional value charged in price over the cost – which allows the Whitebark Energy Ltd to build profit for its offerings (Kucuk, 2017). The margins available to the Whitebark Energy Ltd largely depend on the offering and its quality itself, in addition to the brand equity and brand value of the company.

Payment method

A significant factor of the pricing element of the marketing mix for the Whitebark Energy Ltd includes the payment methods that the company offers (Kotler & Keller, 2021; Abratt & Bendixen, 2018). Since the Whitebark Energy Ltd largely operates distribution to retail via agents and retailers, it ensures the inclusion of different payment methods. This includes digital payment, cash payment, as well as credit allowances (Grewal & Levy, 2021; Groucutt & Hopkins, 2015).

Pricing strategy

Penetrative pricing strategy

For Whitebark Energy Ltd, the penetrative pricing strategy is adopted as it allows the company higher trial generation of its products and services in the desired target market, as well as allows the building of a broader reach for its product offerings by ensuring easier affordability (Baines, Fill, & Rosengren, 2017).

Introductory pricing strategy

For new products that the company launches, Whitebark Energy Ltd ensures to adopt an introductory pricing strategy. This means that the company prices its products and service offerings at relatively lower prices than the competition. This introductory pricing strategy allows the company to increase trial generation, achieve higher penetration, as well as lead to the generation of increased brand awareness and recall (Kucuk, 2017).

Aggressive/competitive pricing strategy

For existing products, Whitebark Energy Ltd uses a competitive and aggressive pricing strategy. This ensures that the products are available readily at competitive prices. Aggressive and competitive pricing strategies allow the Whitebark Energy Ltd to experience high rates of growth and experience by allowing the buildup of consumer loyalty and following based largely on product attributes and quality instead of price– leading to the generation of higher brand equity and value for Whitebark Energy Ltd (Deepak & Jeyakumar, 2019).


The element of place within the 4Ps model of the marketing mix largely refers to the locations where company Whitebark Energy Ltd stocks its product and service offerings for consumers' accessibility and purchase. Whitebark Energy Ltd ensures to include all possible placements which are easily accessible to and available for the company's target audience (Iacobucci, 2021; Išoraitė, 2016). With the advancement of technology, Whitebark Energy Ltd has expanded the placement of its products beyond the traditional brick-and-mortar retail spaces, to include modern Omni channel retail platforms as well (Iacobucci, 2021).


Physical stores/retail

The physical retail and stores i.e. the traditional brick and mortar spaces continue to be the prioritized locations for product placement by Whitebark Energy Ltd (Iacobucci, 2021; Groucutt & Hopkins, 2015; Abratt & Bendixen, 2018).

Retail types

These include hypermarkets, upper markets, and smaller grocery stores - all of which allow increased accessibility and availability of Whitebark Energy Ltd’s products and services to its target audience. Physical retail has a higher footfall and allows direct interaction of the Whitebark Energy Ltd brand and its product offerings with the consumers (Groucutt & Hopkins, 2015; Groucutt & Hopkins, 2015; Chernev, 2018).



The Whitebark Energy Ltd also stocks its products on e-commerce retail shops – such as amazon. This allows the Whitebark Energy Ltd higher access and penetration in other markets, as well as in secondary consumer groups. Moreover, e-commerce retailing is more cost-effective for the Whitebark Energy Ltd (Wu & Li, 2018; Chernev, 2018; Baines, Fill, & Rosengren, 2017).

Company-owned website

In addition to stocking products with other e-trailers, the Whitebark Energy Ltd also manages orders through its own website, where consumers can place orders for Whitebark Energy Ltd’s products directly. This allows the Whitebark Energy Ltd greater control over stock and inventory management, as well as distribution networks – allowing the buildup of stronger relations with consumers.

Lastly, the Whitebark Energy Ltd also takes limited orders through social media pages and platforms (Wu & Li, 2018; Baines, Fill, & Rosengren, 2017).


Another way through which Whitebark Energy Ltd uses e-commerce is by stocking its offerings with aggregators (Kucuk, 2017). This allows the Whitebark Energy Ltd to maximize its reach and increase penetration. At the same time, it also allows increased trial generation and repeats purchases for the Whitebark Energy Ltd product offerings (Išoraitė, 2016; Groucutt & Hopkins, 2015).

Specialty stores

Interestingly, the Whitebark Energy Ltd also stocks its products with specialty stores (Grewal & Levy, 2021). This gives the company direct exposure to its target market and audience and allows the consumers to directly interact with the brand and its offerings- without too much clutter (Kotler & Keller, 2021; Gillespie & Swan, 2021). The specialty stores are located in prime locations, and allow Whitebark Energy Ltd higher penetration and reach, leading to increased brand awareness for its product offerings (Groucutt & Hopkins, 2015; Išoraitė, 2016).

Direct sales

The Whitebark Energy Ltd also has a trained sales team for making direct sales (Kotler & Keller, 2021). Whitebark Energy Ltd targets not only B2C consumers but also B2-B consumers (Chernev, 2018; Grewal & Levy, 2021). Both these categories, also make use of direct marketing whereby the sales agents and teams visit the target audience and business directly and detail the product features and benefits (Kotler & Keller, 2021; Groucutt & Hopkins, 2015).

B2B and direct sales

Whitebark Energy Ltd’s team makes sales instantly during field visits for the company (Sahaf, 2019; Stead & Hastings, 2018). The target audience is carefully profiled and selected by the Whitebark Energy Ltd so that the sales representatives are able to filter out the clutter (Gillespie & Swan, 2021; Išoraitė, 2016). Whitebark Energy Ltd is able to easily contact and communicate with the desired business groups only (Groucutt & Hopkins, 2015; Abratt & Bendixen, 2018).


Inventory management

Whitebark Energy Ltd effectively manages its inventory and fulfills the retailer's demand in time to ensure that it manages customer relations efficiently – and does not lose any customers. Whitebark Energy Ltd has also introduced automation in inventory management which allows it to improve efficiency and speed, and reduce error rates (Park, 2020; Gillespie & Swan, 2021; Kucuk, 2017).


For Whitebark Energy Ltd, this includes choosing cos effective transportation means for inventory handling, as well as order deliveries to customers, as well as retailers. The company uses third-party transportation, as well as manages its own in-house transportation networks for ensuring on-time order deliveries (Abratt & Bendixen, 2018; Chernev, 2018; Grewal & Levy, 2021).


The element of promotion in the marketing mix for Whitebark Energy Ltd largely refers to the tactics and activities of communication that the company has adopted for promoting its products and services – including the brand, and its offerings, as well as other product features, characteristics, and activities (Varadarajan, 2015; Gillespie & Swan, 2021). The communication is largely targeted toward the Whitebark Energy Ltd's target audience and is aimed to increase brand awareness, brand loyalty as well as sales of the company (Wu & Li, 2018; Grewal & Levy, 2021).

Direct marketing

For its more specific products and offerings, Whitebark Energy Ltd uses direct marketing. Whitebark Energy Ltd directly emails potential customers- especially its B2B consumers for detailing its product offerings and features. Whitebark Energy Ltd uses personalized messages and captures new clients and customers for the business. In addition to direct emailing, the Whitebark Energy Ltd also makes use of telemarketing and direct mail for targeting audiences through direct marketing (Chernev, 2018; Sahaf, 2019).

In-store promotion

Whitebark Energy Ltd also focuses on in-store promotions for appealing to the customers, and boosting sales as well as raising brand awareness and profile of its offerings (Baines, Fill, & Rosengren, 2017). For Whitebark Energy Ltd, the in-store promotions include offering price discounts, loyalty points, and flash sales for its products. In addition, the company also invests in building up the POS within the store locations (Stead & Hastings, 2018; Groucutt & Hopkins, 2015).

Social media marketing

One of the more contemporary forms of marketing and promotion for Whitebark Energy Ltd includes social media marketing. The company has an official presence and profiles on social media platforms such as Facebook and Instagram, and regularly uses these platforms to promote its offerings, and product features and characteristics (Stead & Hastings, 2018). In addition, these platforms are also used by Whitebark Energy Ltd to inform consumers about using sales and discounts to increase in-store footfall.

Traditional advertising

The Whitebark Energy Ltd continues to use traditional marketing tactics and promotional platforms as well – largely for mass marketing purposes. The company especially focuses on TV advertisements, ad print media advertising for this purpose (Išoraitė, 2016; Iacobucci, 2021).


TV advertisements are generally placed in prime time for higher visibility and reach by Whitebark Energy Ltd. The TV advertisements use functional as well as emotional appeals to communicate the message of the Whitebark Energy Ltd to the audiences (Iacobucci, 2021; Stead & Hastings, 2018).


Print media and advertisements are published in newspapers and magazines – both of which are generally consumed in high proportion by the broader target audience of the Whitebark Energy Ltd (Chernev, 2018; Iacobucci, 2021; Stead & Hastings, 2018).


The Whitebark Energy Ltd also places advertisements on the radio to appeal to a segment of the target population. The radio communications by the Whitebark Energy Ltd are usually shorter and focus on functional appeal only (Park, 2020; Išoraitė, 2016; Groucutt & Hopkins, 2015).

Integrated marketing communications

The advertisement and promotional messages by Whitebark Energy Ltd for all mediums and channels however are built on an integrated plan, and ensure that they reflect messages and communication that is similar to the overall campaign to void confusion and discrepancies (Gillespie & Swan, 2021; Kotler & Keller, 2021). The use of integrated marketing and integrated media has allowed the Whitebark Energy Ltd to build strong relations with the consumers through prompting conversations and discussions directly with them (Deepak & Jeyakumar, 2019; Sahaf, 2019; Stead & Hastings, 2018).


The 4p model or the marketing mix is an important aspect of brand building and development for the Whitebark Energy Ltd and significantly guides the company in the chalking out of its strategic marketing goals and plans. The marketing mix model or the 4P model has helped the Whitebark Energy Ltd in increasing its products’ and services’ reach and penetration and witness high levels of expansion and growth. The model has also led Whitebark Energy Ltd towards a better understanding of its target audience and consumers. This understanding, in turn, has fostered strong emotional relations and increased loyalty on part of consumers towards the company – leading to an overall increase in the brand value and brand equity, as well as higher levels of brand affiliation, brand awareness, and brand recall. Together, the marketing mix has helped the company boost its sales and revenue by aligning its offerings with the needs and demands of the consumers, and the market more effectively and efficiently.



Abratt, R., & Bendixen, M. (2018). Strategic marketing: Concepts and cases. New York, United States: Routledge.

Baines, P., Fill, C., & Rosengren, S. (2017). Marketing. New York, United States: Oxford University Press.

Chernev, A. (2018). Strategic marketing management. Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany: Cerebellum Press.

Deepak, R., & Jeyakumar, S. (2019). Marketing management. New Delhi, India: Educreation Publishing.

Gillespie, K., & Swan, K. (2021). Global marketing. New York, United States: Routledge.

Grewal, D., & Levy, M. (2021). M: marketing. New York, United States: McGraw-Hill Education.

Groucutt, J., & Hopkins, C. (2015). Marketing. London: Macmillan International Higher Education.

Iacobucci, D. (2021). Marketing management. Boston, Massachusetts, United States: Cengage Learning.

Išoraitė, M. (2016). Marketing mix theoretical aspects. International Journal of Research-Granthaalayah, 4(6), 25-37.

Kareh, A. (2018). Evolution of the four Ps: Revisiting the marketing mix. Retrieved June 2022, from

Khan, M. (2014). The concept of ‘marketing mix’and its elements. International journal of information, business and management, 6(2), 95-107.

Kotabe, M., & Helsen, K. (2020). Global marketing management. Hoboken, New Jersey, United States: John Wiley & Sons.

Kotler, P., & Keller, K. (2021). Marketing Management (15th global edition). London, United Kingdom: Pearson Education Limited.

Kucuk, S. (2017). Marketing and Marketing Mix. In Visualizing Marketing (pp. 3-7). London, United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan.

Park, S. (2020). Marketing management (Vol. 3). Retrieved June 2022, from

Sahaf, A. (2019). Strategic marketing: Making decisions for strategic advantage. New Delhi, India: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

Stead, M., & Hastings, G. (2018). Advertising in the social marketing mix: getting the balance right. In Social Marketing (pp. 29-43). London, England: Psychology Press.

Varadarajan, R. (2015). Strategic marketing, marketing strategy and market strategy. AMS review , 5(3), 78-90.

Wu, Y., & Li, E. (2018). Marketing mix, customer value, and customer loyalty in social commerce: A stimulus-organism-response perspective. Internet Research., 28(1), 74-104.


9416 Students

can’t be wrong





Ph.D Experts

Latest Feedback

Calculate the Price of Your Order

(Approximately - 0.0 Pages)

Total Price


Be a great writer or hire a greater one!

Academic writing has no room for errors and mistakes. If you have BIG dreams to score BIG, think out of the box and hire EssayPandas with BIG enough reputation.

Be a great writer or hire a greater one
Order Now

Our Guarantees

  • Quality assured
  • Proof of no plagiarism
  • Qualified writers
  • Data security
  • 24/7 support
  • On time delivery
Interesting Fact

Interesting Fact

Most recent surveys suggest that around 76 % students try professional academic writing services at least once in their lifetime!

Order Now
whatsapp chatbox

Hi there !

We are here to help. Chat with us on WhatsApp for any queries.

whatsapp chat close